Why is the Council proposing not to build any new footpaths? For reasons of affordability, we looked at all of our activities and considered where we could save or reduce costs. We will maintain existing footpaths, but are proposing that no new footpaths will be provided unless they attract a subsidy from the New Zealand Transport Agency on safety grounds. What are dust seals and when are they done? Dust seals are a type of treatment applied on sections of gravel road where dust creates health and safety issues during dry periods. Unlike seal extensions, which generally require a full road reconstruction, dust seals involve placing bitumen and chip metal on top of the existing road surface. Why are seal extensions so costly? Because seal extensions enable motorists to drive at higher speeds, it is important that the road alignment and other aspects allow them to do so safely. This generally means a major realignment of the carriageway. And, to ensure the long term integrity of the seal, it is necessary to create a suitable substrate on which to apply the bitumen and chip seal. However, the upfront capital cost of around $250,000 per kilometre is generally offset by much lower on-going maintenance costs.